White Stork Chicks About To Hatch In Britain

The White Stork is a bird that for most of us in Britain has been simply a feature of stories and history books. It hasn’t been a common sight here for centuries, not since the days when it would feature in banquets (medieval times). It is therefore quite big news, that this spring the first wild stork chicks in Britain for hundreds of years are about to hatch!

White Stork – not one of the birds from the project

This has not come about randomly. While a handful of wild storks do appear in Britain during the summer each year, they are visiting birds which do not breed. The success of this breeding attempt is from concerted conservation efforts by a project called the White Stork Project, involving the partnership of different conservation organisations and land owners in West Sussex, East Sussex and Surrey.

The project has worked to introduce wild fledged storks from Poland and France into large pens in different areas over the past three years. This includes Knepp, where a pair of birds has now formed a nest in a large oak tree near, but separate from, the pen. In addition to the 5 eggs laid by this pair, a second pair has nested nearby. It is hoped that the birds from this programme will go on to form at least 20 breeding pairs, leading to a wild population becoming established in Britain.

Find about more about the storks, the project, and the progress of the chicks on the White Stork Project website.

Winter Highlights

Autumn and Winter are my favourite seasons. I love the colours, the sunsets, the feeling of the cold air on my face, the crunching of the ground beneath my feet, and the sights and sounds of visiting wildfowl. It’s also a time when I get to see more of my family and friends. So while I have a lot that could go into this diary entry – here are some of my highlights!

Wild Foraging

In late October 2019 I went along on a foraging trip to Lunan Bay with friends from work. Even though I have worked in Aberdeen before, and often been to Montrose, I’d never before visited this beautiful part of the East coast. Even on a rather chilly day, the beach was dramatically beautiful, with areas of rocky shore and a picturesque walk along the river beneath a castle ruin.

Lunan Bay

I must admit I arrived a bit late and had missed the morning’s seaweed foraging, but a friend kindly took me round again and told me a bit about each seaweed and what it’s useful for. Had I written this entry sooner I could have relayed this to you, but sadly I will now need to look it up again! It was very interesting, and I was looking forward to trying some later in the day.

As we walked along the beach we did come across a sad sight – a dead juvenile gannet. Gannets are large seabirds which can dive at around 60mph for their fish. Unfortunately, this young bird may have got confused and dived into shallow water. I don’t know that’s what caused its death, but it’s my assumption.

Back at the hostel where we were staying, everyone laid out the items they had found and labelled them. It was great to see how many species there were along one patch of the coast! Some people had also foraged for mushrooms, so these went out on display too. My favourite was the Hedgehog mushroom – purely because I love hedgehogs!

Foraging finds

In the evening we had what can only be described as a foragers’ feast! People had brought in things they had made at home from foraged items, and we tried some of the stuff people had found on the beach. It was all delicious and an incredibly fun way to learn new things!

If you would like to have a go at foraging I would highly recommend it – but please, be careful and go with someone who is knowledgeable and experienced. Our work friends who organised this trip know what they’re doing – and I wouldn’t have eaten anything unless they advised it!

Blackness Castle

I often go back to my local sites, particularly for birdwatching, but sometimes I just want to explore somewhere new! I got a bit stuck for inspiration, so used a new app on my phone called Where to Watch Birds in Scotland, created by the Scottish Ornithologist’s Club. It is incredibly useful – with maps, species lists, and directions for how to get to each site. By using it I selected Blackness Castle as a place to visit.

It was a freezing cold November day, so I wore layers and packed my hat to keep warm. When I got there I was lucky as there was one car park space left, so I squeezed my car in, put my boots on and headed along to the castle.

The castle itself is owned by Historic Environment Scotland and there’s a small entry fee to go and have a look around. I didn’t have time on that day (I had birdwatching to do!) but I will definitely go back another time. I followed the path shown on the app, walking round the back of the castle and ending up at the shore which looks out over the Firth of Forth.

It was an amazing view – the water was really still that day and I could see the bridges clearly. I tried to take a few photos, but I’ve yet to get a photo of the bridges that captures how impressive they look with the eye! Anyway, bridges aside, I was here for the birds and the noise of one particular species snatched my attention straight away: wigeon!


I like swans and ducks, and my favourite duck is the wigeon. I love the male’s toffee coloured head stripe, the dainty blue bills and most of all I love their whistles! Once you hear a whistling wigeon, you’ll have that sound identified for life. I watched the wigeon moving around and interacting with each other and as I did so enjoyed watching the other birds that were resting on the rocks along the coast.

I was just about to say I can’t remember what I saw – but I appear to have made a list in my phone! So, here is what I saw at Blackness Castle:

  • Redshank
  • Wigeon
  • Lapwing
  • Curlew
  • Eider duck
  • Great crested grebe
  • Knot (I think)
  • Black headed gull
  • Oystercatcher
  • Shelduck
  • Greylag geese
  • Robin
  • Blackbird

I was having a great time, but sadly I was getting very cold! I searched in my bag for my gloves and realised I had made a very silly rookie birdwatching error – I’d forgotten them. I couldn’t hold the binoculars anymore because my hands were so cold! So I decided to say goodbye to the wigeon and head back to the car.

If you would like to give the “Where to Find Birds in Scotland” app a try, you can find more information about it here.

Ninja Birding

In late November I headed up to the Moray Coast for the annual Christmas Social, held by the Shorewatch team from Whale and Dolphin Conservation, for whom I’m a volunteer. While I was there I stayed with a good friend of mine and we decided to have a go at some birding – we were going to try and find some waxwings!

Waxwings are occasional winter visitors to the UK, migrating from colder countries, like those of Scandinavia and Russia. I first saw them in 2013 in Reading and I had not seen them since. I knew they had been seen in Moray, so I was hoping we would be able to find some during my visit.

My friend knew exactly where to look, and with this bird the trick is to go where the berries are! In this case, that was two housing estates in towns in Moray. We headed to the first of these, but could not see any waxwings anywhere. So off we went to the next town and we parked in the middle of a quiet residential area.

We waited and waited and waited. Then we could see a little flock of birds that my friend thought were waxwings, but they wouldn’t stay still! So we drove around the different streets. We waited some more. We followed some more and then eventually we found the tree they were resting in (we had actually been right in front of it earlier on, but it was behind us so we couldn’t see!).


I watched the birds happily through my binoculars, taking in their colourful feathers and listening to their distinctive sound. I even managed to get a few photos (although they aren’t great, you can at least tell they are waxwings!).

Now, sometimes, when you have binoculars and big cameras and you’re parked in a quiet residential area, people get a bit suspicious. We did have one concerned member of the public approach us, and we simply explained that we were looking at the birds in the tree (and we pointed to the tree). I’m not sure if he believed us…but there’s not much more we could say! It’s something to be aware of when you’re birding, but at the same time if you’re not disturbing anyone or getting in the way, then if you can cope with the slight embarrassment of attracting attention then it’s worth sticking it out!

I definitely felt that way on this occasion – we had pulled off a bit of what I call ninja birding, and I was delighted to have seen these birds again after 6 years!

Visiting Nature Reserves

I like to visit nature reserves all year, but on my holidays I like to go with my family. On these occasions I like to pick ones that everyone can easily enjoy – it helps if they have a visitor centre, cafe, toilets, and paths for example. So, over Christmas, we headed to The Wolseley Centre (Staffordshire Wildlife Trust) and Attenborough Nature Reserve (Nottinghamshire Wildlife Trust).

The Wolseley Centre is always a treat. There are a few very simple walks, with garden, wooded, and river habitats to enjoy. I always like walking over the boardwalks and seeing the swans and ducks! We also saw lots of chirpy robins – perfect for the festive season. You can buy safe bird food from the centre and feed the birds, which is a really nice idea. We had a lovely short walk, as we had my Grandma with us, and then we headed for a yummy lunch at the cafe.

Robin at the Wolseley Centre

Attenborough Nature Reserve is a place I hadn’t been to before, but it’s only about 40 minutes from where my family live, so it was easy to get to by car. I was really looking forward to going – I always like exploring a new place!

We firstly headed through the visitor centre to one of the hides which looked out over the water. I couldn’t believe how many different species of ducks and other waterbirds I was seeing! We were having fun watching and counting the different species, when some other birders came into the hide. My Dad has developed the nifty skill of asking other people if they’ve seen anything interesting – I sometimes joke with him that it’s cheating, but actually it’s a very useful way to make the most out of your birding trips and people are usually friendly enough to have a chat and let you know of any sightings. Surely enough, they had seen a Slavonian grebe, and they had seen it just in front of the centre. So, we quickly thanked them and said goodbye and then hurried along to the front of the visitor centre!

Slavonian grebes do breed in the UK, in parts of Scotland, but there aren’t many of them and they are a fairly rare sight. In winter, they can be seen around the UK, usually along the coasts – so it’s quite unusual to see one on a reserve in the midlands!

Without even trying at all, I saw the bird. I didn’t even spot it – I was alerted to it by my sister’s calm statement of “there it is” and followed the direction she was pointing in. It all felt like a very easy sighting, but I wasn’t complaining. I got the binos out and had a look – it was beautiful. The winter plumage is a lot less colourful than the summer plumage, but you could still see its winter colours and shape, and its bright red eye! It was also quite fun watching it dive and trying to guess where it would pop up next – just like other grebe species.

Slavonian grebe

We continued our day with a walk around one of the trails and a nice lunch in the cafe. Before we left, we headed out to the fields to see if we could spot another bird that people had been talking about – the Cattle egret. I have seen both Little and Great white egrets in the UK before, but never a Cattle egret. They are starting to visit the UK over the winter in increasing numbers and now was my chance to see one!

As we approached the field we could see a cluster of birdwatchers. We stopped near them and pointed our binoculars in the same direction as theirs (again, it feels like cheating but it increases your chances of success!). One of the birdwatchers with a scope kindly asked us if we had seen them, and if we would like to look through her scope. I obviously said “yes please!” and had a look – there they were, two cattle egrets, picking about in the mud for worms. They look quite like little egrets, but they are smaller and have a yellow beak and yellow legs. There was no mistaking them and I felt the thrill of seeing a new bird for the second time in one day!

Going to nature reserves like this is a fun and accessible way to have a go at wildlife watching. There are always people to ask about sightings, whether it’s the staff and volunteers or other friendly birdwatchers. Reserves with centres usually have toilets and are easy to get to, and there’s often somewhere to warm up and get a bite to eat or a drink. So if you’re looking for a simple wildlife watching day, a way to start your hobby, or a place to take the family for a day out they’re a great place to go. Check the Wildlife Trusts’ website for a reserve near you.

Otterly Adorable!

Now, I’ve given you a bit of a clue about this bit in the title. In January lots of otter sightings were being made along the Union Canal in Edinburgh. This canal comes right into the heart of the city centre, so it was incredibly exciting to know that there are otters there, both from the point of view of being able to see them and also the fact that they’re able to make their home in our urban environment!

I had to go and see them, so I set off with a friend along the Union Canal to give it a go. I knew that there was a family with three cubs and I knew where abouts they had been seen, from sightings that had been posted previously on social media. As we were walking along we kept an eye on the water, but also along the towpath and the plants on the other side of the canal.

As we were approaching the known sighting area, we could see some people trying to take photos of something on their phones. They were in the bushes along the side of the towpath, so I thought they must be looking at the birds and said we should carry on. Almost as soon as I said this, my friend said “No look! There it is!” and a little baby otter scurried across the towpath and plopped into the water!

Otter cub © Catherine Leatherland

The young otter was calling out for its mum, making a repetitive squeeking sound which, had I not seen the otter, I might have mistaken for a bird. I managed to take a photo of it, and a short video, while it travelled back along the canal to the bank on the opposite side. I presume it found its family and/or its holt, as it did not come back out.

I was absolutely thrilled. I have seen adult otters in the wild twice before, but it’s still a rare sighting for me and I’ve never seen a cub before! It was simply adorable and a sighting that I will always remember.

I’m very conscious of not wanting to disturb wildlife, and I would never advise following an animal into a place it has retreated (such as the bushes) for example, in pursuit of a photo or a sighting. However, these otters have taken up residence in a busy urban canal and are used to people walking past. Therefore, walking along the towpath (as we did) and quietly watching the otters is unlikely to cause disturbance.

Otters used to be a rare sight in UK waterways, after population declines caused mainly by polluted water. As our rivers and canals have become cleaner, they have begun to provide the habitat that the otters need and they are returning to sites, even in very urban environments. It is a positive turn of events, and one that will hopefully continue.

Find out more about otters in the UK on the Wildlife Trusts website.

A Wild Summer Summary

My last diary entry was back in July, and I was filled with silly optimism that I would post an individual entry about all the exciting places I had visited and wildlife I’d seen. Sadly, I have been busy busy busy and so this did not happen. To make sure it doesn’t get missed completely, I thought I would wrap it up in one entry – it’s time for a summer summary!

30 Days Wild

Eider duckling © Catherine Leatherland

After Orca Watch, my next wild adventure came in the form of the annual challenge set by The Wildlife Trusts- 30 Days Wild. As I currently live in Scotland, I signed up with the Scottish Wildlife Trust and got lots of tips and hints about what to do. This is the second year I have completed the challenge, the aim of which is to complete one random act of wildness for each day in June. I must confess, this year I had a couple of days where I didn’t complete an activity. But by committing to the challenge I was once again more mindful of my usual interactions with nature and ended up having more encounters than I otherwise would have done. This year some highlights were: exploring new wild places at lunch time; meeting some ducklings; spotting a wood mouse; finding an art trail in the sun; making some plastic switches and having a go at a lunchtime litter pick at work. I also like the community feel – the fact that everyone else is having a go at the challenge the same time as you. You can great ideas just by following #30DaysWild on social media. 

Isle of Eigg

Northern Eggar caterpillar © Catherine Leatherland

I am very lucky, in that my work takes me all over Scotland – so I get to have wild adventures during my working week as well as my time off! Once again, our team headed to the Isle of Eigg to help with their Hen Harrier Day (which is earlier than the national day, because the Hen Harriers nest earlier on Eigg). We watched a beautiful sunset, chuckled at the rabbits and sheep that would be in our garden at breakfast, enjoyed sharing amazing facts about Hen Harriers, saw the caterpillar of a northern eggar moth, and experienced a fantastic guided walk with the Scottish Wildlife Trust Ranger – Norah. You know you’re in a beautiful place, when it still looks amazing in the rain!

Isle of May

Puffins © Catherine Leatherland

From the west coast of Scotland to the East, a week or so later I was off on a day trip with friends to the Isle of May, a little island in the Firth of Forth. I was very excited about this day because I know the island is an important site for nesting seabirds, and I love seabirds – especially puffins! We enjoyed the boat ride over to the island, the sun was shining and the gannets were flying above our heads. As we approached the island we could see pufflings (young puffins) swimming in the water, and could hear the sound of the seabirds from the cliffs. 

Before we got off the boat, the crew advised us that we needed to be mindful as we walked along the path. This is because of all the nesting terns, which at the time had very adorable chicks to protect. And I have to hand it to the adult terns, they take their role as defenders very seriously! I put my cap on, and my hood, and walked calmly up the path. I could hear (and feel) how close the adult terns were getting as they warned us to move away. Later, on the way back to the boat, I had one particularly determined bird dive at my head about five times – I have to say I sped up a little bit to get back to the boat!

Young (left) and adult (right) arctic tern © Catherine Leatherland

As we walked around the island I was simply overwhelmed with the sight of puffins. Puffins here, puffins there, puffins everywhere! It was amazing! I took so many photos that I hardly know what to do with them all. Many of the puffins had been off catching fish and were standing calmly with their beaks full.

Puffin with fish © Catherine Leatherland

There were, of course, many other lovely seabirds and their adorable chicks. Those that caught our eye in particular were the chicks of the great black backed gulls – because they are quite large and fierce looking, but also cute and fluffy. They look a bit like grumpy balls of fluff which are constantly asking to be fed. 

Great black backed gull chick © Catherine Leatherland

I will definitely be going back to the Isle of May and can recommend it to any seabird fans. 

Chanonry Point

Bottlenose dolphin © Catherine Leatherland

In August, my sister came to visit me for a holiday so we spent the week out and about and having fun. I booked us into a B&B in Fortrose, near Inverness, so that we could try and spot the dolphins at Chanonry Point. I have seen dolphins in Scotland a lot, but my sister (who loves dolphins even more than me) has never managed to see them on any of her visits. So this was going to be the trip!

We headed along to Chanonry as soon as we had got to Fortrose, and we spent a few hours watching. We scanned the sea constantly, with eyes and binos, but there was no joy. So we shrugged it off to fate, decided we had had a nice day anyway, and headed back to the B&B. However, as I’ve mentioned before in these entries I tend to feel disappointment very deeply! So we hatched a plan to change the next day’s plan completely, and go back to Chanonry and try again. 

This time, we parked in Rosemarkie and walked along the beach. It was a lovely walk but about halfway along we could see a crowd gathered, and could see their camera flashes. “They’re watching dolphins!” I said “let’s go!” and quickened my pace along the beach. It took longer than we thought it would to reach the point (optical illusion of a curved beach!) but when we got there we were so relieved to see the dolphins hadn’t moved away. 

We had the best sighting of dolphinsn I’ve ever had, let alone my sister who was witnessing Scottish dolphins for the first time! They come so close in at Chanonry, that we could see their colouration, their eyes, their blow holes and almost (if you add a bit of poetic license) their expressions. We couldn’t help gasping and cheering with the rest of the crowd as the dolphins leapt out of the water, tail slapped, spy hopped, and chased fish. At one point three leapt out of the water together, it was like watching dolphin gymnastics!

I tried to take photos and videos on my camera at first, but soon realised I was not likely to get a good shot, and so decided to simply enjoy the moment instead. I did however take one photo (above) on my mobile phone and I love it – it shows a happy dolphin, wild and free.

I can’t describe how this encounter made us both feel – we were absolutely buzzing. We just jabbered excitedly for a good chunk of the journey back to Edinburgh and were riding on the feeling of happiness for a few weeks afterwards. It was, quite simply, pure joy.

Bird Fair

Bird fair © Catherine Leatherland

Around this time I realised that a work commitment had moved, meaning that I could go to the annual event that is Bird Fair – a massive gathering of all things bird related, and many things to do with wildlife, along with their respective enthusiasts at Rutland Water Nature Reserve. 

I looked the programme up online and planned which talks to go to, and which stands to try and visit. We made a journey plan and then on the Saturday, my Dad and I headed to the reserve. After squelching through the muddy field in our wellies and walking boots we were both very mud splattered – but that just helps you fit in at these events! We got to the events tent just in time to see Iolo Williams’ inspiring and entertaining talk. Then we got some seats ready for Chris Packham’s session, which included a debate about driven grouse shooting. It was good to see that both sides of the argument were getting a fair chance to speak, although I will pin my colours to the mast and say I am against driven grouse shooting and have signed the petition proposing a total ban. 

At the end of this session, a group of young people who have been taking part in the School Strikes for Climate came onto the stage. They each gave a short talk about what they had been doing, why it mattered to them, and why it needs to matter to all of us. Some of them had some great ideas for the next steps and how governments and individuals need to act in order to tackle the climate crisis. Their words filled the tent with inspiration and at the end of their speeches they received a very well earned standing ovation. If they can do it, so can (and should) we!

Also at bird fair – we had a yummy plastic free lunch (all the food providers are plastic free); saw a brilliant demonstration of bird ringing from the BTO; spent so much money at the book stand I got a free cupcake (which was yummy by the way) and enjoyed a great talk in one of the smaller lecture theatres all about seabirds in Shetland. All for the entry ticket price of £15 (cheaper if you book online). Absolute bargain. Dates have already been announced for next year: you can experience this wonderful event for yourself between 21st and 23rd August 2020 – pop it in the diary!

While the adventures continue, the summer is for most of us over for another year. It has been my busiest, and wildest summer yet – going to be a tough one to beat (but a challenge I readily accept) next year!

Carbon Trading Helps Mangrove Conservation

26 July 2019 was International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem – or Mangrove Day, for short! People and organisations celebrate the importance and wonder of these special ecosystems and the work being done to protect them. One such project was announced by the UN Environment Programme earlier in the week, and it’s all about using carbon credits to help to protect mangroves. 

Mangroves are trees that grow in the intertidal zone (the area of the shoreline that is covered at high tide and exposed at low tide) of some tropical coastlines. They have distinctive, funny looking roots that stretch into the water. These roots slow the water down, causing sediment (like mud) to settle and creating the perfect hiding and breeding place for fish. They also help to prevent flooding of coastal areas and, crucially, to store carbon.

Carbon storing refers to keeping carbon in such a form that it is essentially locked away, and is not going to be released into the atmosphere as CO2, which is a harmful greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming and climate change. The soils of mangrove forests, which settle and are stabilised by the funny mangrove roots, are packed full of carbon. When these forests are destroyed all of that carbon gets released into the atmosphere as CO2.

Because of their threatened status and importance in combating climate change, stabilising coastlines, and providing a source of food and income for many communities, governments and organisations are trying to protect mangrove forests. 

The Vanga Blue Forests Project in Kenya, aims to do this by trading carbon credits for mangrove conservation. This essentially means that the community will earn money for maintaining and protecting the mangroves, because it is valuable as a carbon store. The community has been able to put this money towards important every day services such as schools, healthcare and having access to drinking water. 

This project will conserve 4000 ha of mangrove and support the income of over 8000 people in the local area. That’s in addition to helping to fight the battle against climate change, habitat loss, biodiversity loss and coastal erosion. It’s a win, win win win win! 

To find out more, check out the UN Environment Programme’s press release here, including a video to show the importance and impact of this project.